This page provides helpful hints and pointers
for using this site; also see the Frequently Asked Questions page for topics relating specifically
to the content of HEARTH. There is also a narrative about the project
on our About page. As always, if you have further questions about
this site or its contents please contact
us for assistance.
Tips for beginners:
- In a search form with more than one box you
have to fill out the first box. Otherwise your search will not
return any results.
- Many of the search forms have an option that
are available on pull-down menus. Put your mouse on the box
and hold down the mouse button to see and make your choices.
- Truncation is not automatic To search
variations and the plural of a word, include an asterisk * at the end
of the word. For example, cook*, will look for cooks,
cooker, cookers, cookie and so forth. The simple term cook will
look only for the word cook.
Searching vs. Browsing
- locates works that contain information specified
in the search -- such as certain words in the title or text or an author's
- returns a list of the titles that contain that
- presents a hyper-linked bibliography of all
works in the HEARTH system organized alphabetically by author.
Simple searches are good for basic searching
using few terms. Enter a word or phrase, including an author's name.
The search looks for the terms anywhere in any of the texts. No search
limit options are available. If using common words, this search may
produce a very large number of results. For more complex searches,
with search limit options, try an Advanced Search.
Advanced searching: Boolean | Proximity | Bibliographic
Boolean searches allow you to combine up to
three search terms or phrases and look for them in the same page or
- submitting a query for farming will
result in a full-text search for all works in the HEARTH database in
which that term occurs.
- submitting a query for farming AND garden, the
search would be limited to works in which both farming and garden appeared
somewhere in the text.
Same page or work option:
- allows you to broaden or narrow your Boolean
- Same page looks for your terms where
they all appear on the same page.
- Same work looks for the terms anywhere
in the work.
How Boolean searches are executed:
- Boolean expressions are operated on from left
to right, just like mathematical equations. This means that you
will need to take some care in formulating your search. For example: You
wish to find any texts that mention the word cotton AND either
the words fabric OR linen. Your search should be formulated
as: fabric OR linen AND cotton.
- Since the search works from left to right, the
search will first look for the set of texts that contains EITHER fabric or linen.
- Then the search will look within that set of
texts for the ones that also mention cotton.
- Those texts will be your results set.
If you had formulated your search as cotton
AND fabric OR linen you would have gotten a very different set
of results. Why?
- Since the search works from left to right, the
search would have first looked for the set of texts that contains BOTH
the words cotton and fabric.
- Next it would have looked for the texts that
contain the word linen.
- Then it would combine those two sets of results
and eliminated the duplicates to give you your results.
- This means you would have a whole set of texts
that contained linen but make no mention of cotton.
Proximity searches look for the co-occurrence of
search terms. This allows you to specify the physical relationship
between the words you are looking for -- so you can look for words
following each other or near each other.
- You can look for words or phrases within 40,
80 or 120 characters of each other.
- You can find places where one term is followed
- You can look for places where words are Not
Near and Not Followed By other words.
- if you want only those texts in HEARTH in which
the terms house and keeping appeared relatively near
each other, search those terms within 40-80 characters.
- to find those terms only when one follows another
select the proximity operator Followed By. House followed
by keeping would help you locate only those works that are
perhaps more directly concerned with "house keeping".
- to find all occurrences of a term when it is not followed by another
closely associated term, you may use the proximity operators Not
Near or Not Followed By. For instance, if you were only
interested in house, a search for the term house Not
Near keeping would yield all occurrences of house when
not directly referring to keeping.
Bibliographic searches are useful for quickly locating items with a known title
or author. You may also search using a known subject heading or for
a keyword anywhere in the bibliographic citation (so you could also
search for items from a particular publisher or all the works published
in Boston in 1866).
- You want to find all the works in HEARTH by
members of the Alcott family.
- Enter Alcott in the text box.
- Select Author from the pull-down menu.
- Press the submit button.
Your results will list all works written by
authors who have Alcott somewhere in their names.
- You are interested in all the works by xxx in
- Enter xxx in the text box.
- Select author from the pull-down menu.
- Choose the Boolean operator And from
the pull-down menu of operators.
- Enter 1870 in the next text box
- Select year from the pull-down menu.
- Press the submit button
Your results may contain some false matches
if the words xxx and 1870 appear in other parts of the citation (such
as the title), but most will match your desired criteria.
- Your search results are returned in an alphabetized list, according
to the author.
- There are hyperlinks to the table of contents and an option to add
the book to the bookbag. The contents of the bookbag can either be
emailed to an address or directly downloaded onto your computer.
- Each result indicates density by telling you how many matches are
found in the entire work. Clicking on the Document body hyperlink
will show you the page numbers on which the term occurs.
You can also browse through a bibliography
of all HEARTH titles which are organized alphabetically both by the
author's last name and by title.
- Use the alphabet links to jump to a desired
section of the alphabet.
- To then locate a particular name or title word, use
your browser's find command to search that section of the bibliography.
In Windows computers this is typically "Control+F"; in Macintosh,
hold down the Apple+F keys.
- All titles are hyperlinked to the book.
OCR text vs page images
HEARTH materials have been encoded in a simple
SGML form (a 40 element DTD conforming to the TEI Guidelines). This
data includes the document text from the OCR process. Many users have
asked if they can have access to the plain, uncorrected OCR text. We
believe that in most cases people will still want to look at the page
images of the books, but have decided to make the text available to
users so they can save it, cut and paste, and to use the "find" feature
on their Web browsers to locate a word on a page. We think that this
will be of benefit to our users.
If you want to view the plain text, there
are a couple of ways to accomplish this:
Page by page viewing: Go to the desired page and choose "view as text" from
the view as menu in the toolbar at the top. As you move forward
or back in the work, you will continue paging through plain text until
you choose another "view as" option (such as image or pdf).
Entire books: Download of multiple-page files is not currently possible.
Viewing and Navigating a
When you begin to view a book, you will also
see a separate navigation frame at the top of your browser that looks
like this (without the number labels).
This is what the various parts mean:
- Previous page: Click on this icon. It
goes to the previous page of the text.
- Page #: indicates the number of the page
you are viewing and the total number of pages in the text
- Next page: Click on this icon. It goes
to the next page of the text.
- View as: sets the size of the image you
are viewing. If you have a smaller monitor you might want to choose
a low percentage. The percentages are in a pull down menu. The
size you choose will stay in effect until you change it or end your
session. Other options on this menu include:
Go to page #: Jumps to a desired page
that you enter in the box. Especially handy for moving from a table
of contents to a section of a book. "Go to page #" is
a button and must be clicked on to jump to the desired page.
Go to: jumps to
special purpose pages such as title pages, tables of contents, and
lists of illustrations. The special pages are listed in a pull
down menu. Not all texts will contain the same choices.
- PDF (best for printing, not viewing)
- Text Allows you to view the raw OCR
text or (if available) the proofed and encoded text.
Printing a text
- The best way to print is to use the PDF option. This
option is offered on the "view as" pulldown menu. To use
PDF, you will need the Adobe Acrobat viewer. This is available for
free from Adobe.
- To print using PDF:
Texts in HEARTH can only be printed page by
If you print directly from your browser, texts
will print at the size of the image you are viewing (100%. 75%, etc)
You will need to calculate maximum clarity against
fitting a page on a standard piece of paper when you decide what size
image to print. 25% may be unreadable. 100% may not fit on a standard
- select PDF from the "view as" options
(don't forget to click on the button)
- When the image opens in Acrobat, click on
the printer icon on the far right of the toolbar